Data Library


June 1, 2022

America’s New Business Plan

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation

"If we want America to continue to be a force of innovation on the increasingly competitive global stage, we must unlock the brilliance of our entire nation. An increase in competition abroad, coupled with rapid technological advancements and a changing economy, affirms the importance of innovation, entrepreneurship, a dynamic workforce, and reimagined schools."

September 8, 2021

The Geography of AI: Which Cities Will Drive The Artificial Intelligence Revolution?

Mark Muro and Sifan Liu

"This analysis examines the extent, location, and concentration of AI technology creation and business activity in U.S. metropolitan areas."

March 4, 2021

NVCA 2021 Yearbook

"California, Massachusetts, and New York continue to dominate the VC investment scene, but meaningful investment activity is also occurring outside of these traditional geographical hubs. Washington, Texas, North Carolina, Michigan, Colorado, Illinois, and Pennsylvania all saw robust activity in 2020."

December 9, 2019

Brookings Institution: The Case for Growth Centers: How to spread tech innovation across America

Robert D. Atkinson, Mark Muro, and Jacob Whiton

“Based on 'winner-take-most' network economies, the innovation sector has generated significant technology gains and wealth but has also helped spawn a growing gap between the nation’s dynamic ‘superstar’ metropolitan areas and most everywhere else.”

September 24, 2014

Kauffman Foundation: The Importance of Young Firms for Economic Growth

Jason Wiens and Chris Jackson

“Companies less than one-year-old have created an average of 1.5 million jobs per year over the past three decades.”

May 1, 2013

Review of Economics and Statistics: Who Creates Jobs? Small vs. Large vs. Young

John Haltiwanger, Ron S. Jarmin, and Javier Miranda

“Our findings emphasize the critical role startups play in U.S. employment growth dynamics.”

June 6, 2012

The Multiplier Effect of Innovation Jobs

Enrico Moretti

“The almost magical economics of job creation are that for each new high-tech job in a city, five additional jobs are ultimately created outside of the high-tech sector in that city.”


March 8, 2022

Superstars, rising stars, and the rest: Pandemic trends and shifts in the geography of tech

Mark Muro and Yang You

"The rise of remote work during the COVID-19 pandemic has spawned new hopes for the spread of tech jobs into the U.S. heartland."

May 20, 2021

Brookings Institution: Pandemic population change across metro America: Accelerated migration, less immigration, fewer births and more deaths

William H. Frey

“Two core counties that are prime examples of pandemic year-related flight are Manhattan (New York County) in New York City, and San Francisco County, which is contiguous with the city of San Francisco. Both of these counties experienced extremely sharp downturns in population growth and rises in out-migration in 2019-20.”

December 17, 2020

Where Tech Workers Are Moving: New LinkedIn Data vs. the Narrative

Alex Kantrowitz, @BigTechnology

“The key beneficiaries of this year’s tech migration are less buzzy cities like Madison, Wisconsin; Richmond, Virginia; and Sacramento, California.”

December 15, 2020

Upwork’s Economist Report: Future Workforce

Dr. Adam Ozimek, Chief Economist at Upwork

“Businesses say remote work continues to be going better than anticipated and it’s even improved since the start suggests that businesses are learning that they have underestimated the potential benefits and perhaps overestimated the costs of working remotely.”

December 9, 2020

Pew Research Center: How the Coronavirus Outbreak Has – and Hasn’t – Changed the Way Americans Work

Kim Parker, Juliana Menasce Horowitz, and Rachel Minkin

“For workers who are working from home all or most of the time now but rarely or never did before the pandemic (and are in the same job they had pre-pandemic), there have been some clear upsides associated with the shift to telework.”

Regional Insights

July 7, 2021

Arkansas Economic Recovery Strategy

Ross Devol, Richard Florida, Steven Pedigo, Minoli Ratnatunga, Dave Shideler

May 26, 2021

Heartland Forward: The Emergence of the Global Heartland

Joel Kotkin, Mark Schill, Karla López Del Río, Wendell Cox, Alicia Kurimska, Celia López Del Río

May 13, 2021

Dallas: Dallas Mayor’s Task Force on Innovation & Entrepreneurship

City of Dallas Mayor’s Office

April 21, 2021

Michigan: 2021 Michigan Venture Capital Association Research Report

Michigan Venture Capital Association

March 22, 2021

Tulsa, OK: 36 Degrees North Economic Impact Report

36 Degrees North

March 7, 2021

Texas Startup Manifesto 2.0

Josh Baer, Founder & CEO, Capital Factory

January 12, 2021

Tampa Bay, FL: Embarc Collective 2020 Impact Report

Embarc Collective

September 30, 2020

Midwest Salary and Cost of Living Handbook

Purpose Jobs